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Product Specifications: 8.5 x 11 inches or 5.5x 8.5 inches; 50 tear sheets, two-sided information (full color front side, one-color back side), printed on white stock, sturdy cardboard back, detailed medical illustrations in color and continuous tone, space available for overprinting of contact information or product may be customized with new artwork or text (additional charge may apply).
This tear sheet pad contains the following information:
Bronchitis is inflammation of the air passages (bronchi) of the lungs. It can make breathing difficult and sometimes painful.
Acute Bronchitis – sudden onset of symptoms. This lasts only a short time and there is full recovery of lung function.
Chronic Bronchitis – long-term inflammation, obstruction, and degeneration of the bronchi. This is often the result of many years of cigarette smoking. This is a serious medical condition, also called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Asthmatic Bronchitis – intermittent inflammation of the airways in people with underlying asthma. This is most commonly associated with allergies or environmental irritants.
Irritative Bronchitis – (also called industrial or environmental bronchitis); due to chronic exposure to substances such as acids, ammonia, chlorine, minerals, or vegetable dusts
The inflammation may be caused by:
Bacterial and viral infections
Inhalation of certain respiratory irritants (i.e., chemical pollutants, dust), particularly in an occupational setting
Smoking (cigarettes or marijuana)
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.
Contact with a person infected with bronchitis
Enlarged tonsils and/or adenoids
Exposure to second hand smoke
Occupational exposures to respiratory inhalants
Smog, in susceptible individuals
Viral upper respiratory tract infection (cold or flu)
Symptoms depend on the type of bronchitis.
Back and muscle pain
Cough, initially dry, then produces mucus that may be thick, yellow, green, blood-streaked
Bluish tint to lips and skin (in severe cases)
Cough that brings up yellow-green mucus, often worse in the morning
Swelling of the feet (in end-stage cases)
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam.
Tests for acute bronchitis are not usually needed. However, for severe or questionable cases, the following may be recommended:
Chest x-rays to rule out pneumonia, a complication of bronchitis
Cultures of nasal discharge or sputum coughed up from lungs
Pulse oximetry – measures the amount of oxygen in the blood
Tests for chronic bronchitis may include:
Arterial blood gas (for levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and acid in the blood)
Pulmonary function tests or spirometry to evaluate lung function
Treatment is aimed at relieving the symptoms. It includes:
Aspirin or acetaminophen to treat pain and fever
Cool mist humidification
Expectorants or cough suppressants
Increased fluid intake
In most cases, antibiotics are not necessary because the infection is viral, not bacterial. Antihistamines are usually not recommended, because they tend to dry up secretions, which can make the cough worse.
Treatment is based on:
Extent of the disease
Past response to treatments
Treatment may include:
Cool mist humidification
Expectorants to loosen secretions
Inhaled bronchodilators or corticosteroids
Lung reduction surgery – removal of the most damaged part of the lungs (in severe cases)
Lung transplant (in end-stage cases)
Oral antibiotics and bronchodilators
Oral or intravenous corticosteroid medications
To reduce your chance of getting bronchitis:
Avoid contact with people who have bronchitis.
Avoid exposure to respiratory irritants.
Avoid passive smoke.
Stop smoking or never start.